Fonds F0845 - William Morris Graham fonds

Identity area

Reference code



William Morris Graham fonds


  • 1882-1965 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

14.5 cm of textual records. -- 449 photographs

Context area

Name of creator


Biographical history

William Morris Graham, 1867-1940, was born in Ottawa. He grew up and was educated in Winnipeg, and in 1884 he joined the Indian Department as a clerk at the Birtle Indian Agency in Manitoba. In 1885 he was transferred to Moose Mountain, Saskatchewan, and served in the Indian Office at Regina, 1895-1896. Graham was appointed Indian agent at the File Hills Agency in 1897 and promoted in 1904 to Inspector for the South Saskatchewan Inspectorate. His final promotion came in 1918 when he was appointed Indian Commissioner for the three prairie provinces, a position he held until his retirement in 1932. For further information see Treaty Days : Reflections of an Indian Commissioner / by William M. Graham and edited by Hugh A. Dempsey. -- Calgary : Glenbow Museum, 1991; Brian Titley's entry, "William Morris Graham", in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography and "William Morris Graham: the Colonizer" in Indian Agents: Rules of the Reserves / John L. Steckley. - Bern: Peter Lang, 2016, p. 89-114. Graham's wife, A. Helena Violetta Wood, was an active member of the Junior Red Cross Society. William Graham's cousin, Alice Tye, was a writer and had an interest in Long Lance (Sylvester Clark Long). She collected many letters, articles, and correspondence pertaining to Long Lance, William Graham, and the Department of Indian Affairs.


Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Gifts of Alice Tye and Mr. W.H. Tye, and purchased from Eleanor Brass, 1956-2005.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

  • The fonds consists of William's extensive memoirs; personal correspondence, personal papers, and newsclippings of Helena and William; and Alice Tye's correspondence, publications, newsclippings, sheet music, articles, scrapbooks and other reference material. Includes photographs of the Graham family, File Hills and other agencies, and native peoples.
  • RECORDS RELATED TO THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS ARE ALSO IN THIS FONDS. SEE INVENTORY FOR DETAILS: Almighty Voice, Assiniboine, Cree, Crowfoot, Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), Chief Piapot, Chief Poundmaker, Otter Skin, Saulteaux, Treaty 4, Treaty 6, Treaty 7, Treaty 8, and Treaty 10.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


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Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

No restrictions on access.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

The material is in English.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

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Notes area


Title based on contents of records.

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Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Tuesday, March 20, 2018




Accession area