Fonds F2019 - James Hector fonds

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Reference code



James Hector fonds


  • Microfilmed 1970 (originally created 1857-1860) (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

1 microfilm reel

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Sir James Hector, 1834-1907, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland and educated at Edinburgh University. In 1857 he was appointed surgeon and geologist to the expedition headed by Captain John Palliser, which explored the Canadian West. He discovered the Kicking Horse Pass through the Rocky Mountains. He also studied the geology and ethnology of the areas explored. In 1861 he was appointed provincial geologist to the Province of Otago in New Zealand. In 1865 he became the Director of the Geological Survey of New Zealand. He established the Colonial Museum (now the National Museum), the Colonial Laboratory, and the Meteorological Service. In 1867 he became the first manager of the New Zealand Institute, and in 1868 he became first manager of the Botanic Garden in Wellington. He retired in 1903, and visited Canada and the Rockies once more in 1904. For further information see R.K. Dell's entry, "James Hector, 1834-1907 : Geologist, Explorer, Administrator", in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, vol. 1, 1990


Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The fonds consists of correspondence, geological notes, and other records created while a member of the Palliser Expedition.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


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Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

No restrictions on access.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

The material is in English.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

The originals are held by the Hocken Library, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Other Hector papers are held by the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington. Photocopies of the Museum of NZ papers, and a clearer microfilm of the Hocken papers, are held by the Saskatchewan Archives Board.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title based on contents of records.



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Dates of creation revision deletion

Monday, April 27, 2015




Accession area