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Fonds F1961 - Wood family fonds

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Wood family fonds


  • 1864-2007, predominant 1886-1966 (Creation)

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Extent and medium

3 m of textual records. -- 1771 photographs

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

John Taylor Wood, 1830-1904, was the son of Robert C. Wood and Anne Taylor, who was the daughter of American President Zachary Taylor. He was a US naval officer, who resigned at the outbreak of the American Civil War. He served on the Confederate warship CSS Virginia, and then in the Confederate Army. After the war, in about 1865, he settled in Halifax, Nova Scotia. In 1856 he married Lola Mckubin, and they had eleven children, including Zachary Taylor Wood, Eleanor McKubin Wood (later Mrs. Duncan Campbell) and Charles Carroll Wood. For further information see David A. Sutherland's entry, "John Taylor Wood", in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 13, online at

Zachary Taylor Wood, 1860-1915, grew up in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and graduated from the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario in 1882. He served with the Winnipeg Mounted Rifles during the 1885 Riel Rebellion, then on August 1, 1885 joined the North-West Mounted Police. He served under Sam Steele in British Columbia, and then at several posts in Alberta, before being posted to the Yukon in 1897 during the Klondike Gold Rush. He was made Assistant-Commissioner of the Yukon's NWMP in 1902, and remained in the North until 1910. In that year he returned to Regina and became the Deputy-Commissioner of the Mounted Police. He married Frances Augusta Daly in 1888 in Napanee, and they had two children, Stuart Taylor Wood and John Taylor Wood (known as Jack). For further information see William Beahen's entry, "Zachary Taylor Wood" in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 14, online at

Stuart Taylor Wood, 1889-1966, was born in Napanee, Ontario. He graduated from the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario in 1912, and then joined the Royal North-West Mounted Police. He served in the cavalry during the First World War. After the war he returned to the RNWMP and was stationed at Herschel Island, Yukon from 1919 to 1924. From 1938 until his retirement in 1951 he was the 9th Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. In 1937 he attended the coronation of King George VI in England, and in 1939, as head of the Mounties, was involved in the Royal Visit to Canada of King George and Queen Elizabeth. He had a keen interest in researching the history of the North-West Mounted Police, which he pursued during the 1940s and 1950s. He was instrumental in the re-birth of the original Fort Walsh site as a horse-breeding station for the RCMP. He married M. Gertrude Daily and they had five children, John Taylor Wood, 1931-1991, Herschel Theodore Taylor Wood, 1924-1950, Frances Helen Taylor Wood (Poulsen), 1937- , Donald Zachary Taylor Wood (known as Zack), and Marjorie Lola Taylor Wood, 1941-2012.

Zack Taylor Wood, 1918-1944, graduated from the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario, and in 1940 joined the Royal Canadian Air Force. He rose to the rank of Flight Lieutenant, and served overseas during the Second World War. He was killed on October 14, 1944 when the plane he was piloting on a mission from England to Germany crashed after its engine caught fire. He married Mignonne Elaine Castonguay in 1942 and they had one daughter, Sheryl Ann Taylor Wood.


Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Gift of John Wood, 1989 and purchased from Frances Poulsen, 2011.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The fonds consists of John Taylor Wood's diaries, speeches and miscellaneous correspondence ((1864-1903); Zachary Taylor Wood's diaries (primarily NWMP/RNWMP journals) (1886-1915), personal papers (1879-1915), and Yukon memorabilia (1897-1915); Stuart Taylor Wood's diaries (primarily RNWMP/RCMP journals)(1908-1951), personal papers (1910-1966), and records related to Herschel Island (1904-1964); Stuart Taylor Wood's research collection, related to the history of the Mounted Police (1873-1960s), including material about Major James Walsh, Fort Walsh, the March West, Wood Mountain, the Cypress Hills Massacre, various NWMP forts, and the Yukon during the Klondike gold rush; Zack Taylor Wood's letters to his wife during the Second World War (1939-1945); and extensive photographs of the Wood family, Mounted Police, Yukon and Herschel Island (1878-1961).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


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Conditions governing access

No restrictions on access.

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Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

The material is in English.

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Finding aids

Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

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Dates of creation revision deletion

Tuesday, August 07, 2018




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