Fonds F1698 - Walter Norman Smith and Amelia Turner Smith fonds

Original Digital object not accessible

Identity area

Reference code



Walter Norman Smith and Amelia Turner Smith fonds


  • 1913-1978, predominant 1913-1968 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

2.5 m of textual records.
2 audio cassettes.
12 photographs

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Walter Norman Smith, 1887-1972, was born in England. He came to Canada in 1906 and engaged in newspaper work with Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton and Regina newspapers. He served with the Machine Gun Corps during the First World War, and on his return worked for the Calgary Albertan, 1919-1921. He became education secretary for the United Farmers of Alberta in 1921. He was appointed editor of The UFA newspaper when it was started in 1922. He remained with The UFA until it ceased publication in 1936. From 1921 to 1935, Smith prepared much of the UFA's political literature, and in the mid-1930s he made an intense study of Social Credit philosophy. In 1936, he and his wife launched the Western Farm Leader, a bi-weekly newspaper, which they edited and published until their retirement in 1954.

Amelia Turner, 1891-1982, was born in Ontario. She came to Alberta with her family in 1903 and moved to Calgary in 1913. She began work in the UFA office in 1920 and was soon transferred to The UFA where she worked from 1922 to 1936. She was a Calgary school trustee from 1926 to 1935 and held the chair in 1934. She was at the founding convention of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation in 1932 and ran, unsuccessfully, as a CCF candidate in 1933 and 1934 provincial by-elections. She married Smith in 1937.

For more details see Pat Roome's articles "Amelia Turner" in Citymakers : Calgarians after the Frontier / Max Foran and Sheilagh S. Jameson, eds. - Calgary : Historical Society of Alberta, Chinook Country Chapter, 1987 and "Amelia Turner and Calgary Labour Women, 1919-1935" in Beyond the Vote: Canadian Women and Politics/ ed. by Linda Kealey and Joan Sangster. -- Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1989, p. 89-117, reprinted in The Prairie West: Historical Readings/ ed. by R. Douglas Francis and Howard Palmer. -- Edmonton: Pica Pica Press, 1992, p. 424-449.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Gifts of Amelia Smith and Frederick Turner, 1972.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The fonds consists of W.N. Smith's First World War diary (1917), correspondence (1915-1967), including extensive correspondence with prominent UFA and Social Credit leaders; articles, reports, etc. re the monetary system (1915-1933); election and other papers of UFA, Social Credit and CCF, including platforms, radio broadcasts, etc. (1917-1935); reports and circulars of many agricultural associations (1920-1960); and Amelia Turner Smith's diary (1913-1917), tax returns, speeches, correspondence and campaign literature. Includes interviews with Amelia Smith (1978).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

No restrictions on access.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

    Script of material

      Language and script notes

      The material is in English.

      Physical characteristics and technical requirements

      Finding aids

      Allied materials area

      Existence and location of originals

      Existence and location of copies

      Digital content is available

      Related units of description

      Related descriptions

      Notes area


      Title based on contents of records.


      M 7172 (1 cm) should be amalgamated with M 1157.

      Alternative identifier(s)

      Access points

      Place access points

      Name access points

      Genre access points

      Description control area

      Description identifier

      Institution identifier

      Rules and/or conventions used


      Level of detail

      Dates of creation revision deletion

      Tuesday, October 03, 2017




          Digital object (Master) rights area

          Digital object (Reference) rights area

          Digital object (Thumbnail) rights area

          Accession area