Fonds F1185 - Samuel Lucas family fonds

Identity area

Reference code



Samuel Lucas family fonds


  • 1882-1963, predominant 1884-1904 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

25 cm of textual records. -- 59 photographs

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Samuel Brigham Lucas, 1844-1907, was born in Aylmer, Quebec. He married Amelia F. Aylwin, ?-1918, in 1871, and they had six children. He was appointed a farm instructor by the Indian Department in 1879, and he came to the Cree reserve at Hobbema, North-West Territories. His family joined him in 1884. He served as sub-agent at the Hobbema reserve from 1883 to 1885 when the Edmonton Agency was divided into two parts. He was then appointed agent for the new Hobbema Indian Agency. In 1885 the family took refuge in Edmonton when the Riel Rebellion spread to the Agency. Lucas was transferred to the Sarcee (Tsuut'ina) Indian Agency as agent, 1891-1897, then retired to land near Ponoka. His brother, Frank A. Lucas, married Margaret Morison in 1883, and had nine children. They came west in 1884, with S.B. Lucas' family, and homesteaded near Wetaskiwin. Their daughter, Isabell Maud, 1886-1963, trained as a nurse at the Holy Cross Hospital in Calgary, Alberta, 1911-1914. She was Matron of the Wetaskiwin Hospital, 1914-1916, served overseas with the Nursing Corps during the First World War, did post-graduate work, and later worked as a travelling nurse for the Department of Indian Affairs, 1926-1945. She married Archie Smart in 1945. Thomas William Lucas, son of Sam and Amelia, farmed. Sam Lucas, 1897-1964, son of Frank and Margaret, took over the Wetaskiwin farm in 1927. For further information see E. Brian Titley's entry, "Samuel Brigham Lucas", in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. XIII. - Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1994, p. 603-605.


Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Gifts of Daisy Lucas, Joyce Smith, Mrs. Floyd Stretch, Mrs. N. Koch and Marianne Molyneaux, 1958-1981.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

  • The fonds consists of S.B. Lucas' correspondence and diaries while Indian agent (1884-1897), homestead applications and farm journal (1898-1902); Amelia Lucas' diary (1903-1904), which includes a few entries by S.B.; I. Maud Lucas' nursing certificates, military records and autobiography; Thomas William Lucas' diary (1904); Sam Lucas' reminiscences; and miscellaneous family certificates, biographical notes, newsclippings, and articles about the Wetaskiwin area.
  • RECORDS RELATED TO THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS ARE ALSO IN THIS FONDS. SEE INVENTORY FOR DETAILS: Edmund F. Carey, Edgar Dewdney, A.E. Forget, Richard C. Hardisty, Rev. John Nelson, Hayter Reed, and Robert C. Talbot.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

No restrictions on access.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

The material is in English.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

S.B. Lucas' correspondence and diaries while Indian agent are also available on microfilm.

Related units of description

Other Lucas family records are held by the Provincial Archives of Alberta.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title based on contents of records.


All the M's should be amalgamated with M 699.


AC Lucas is a microfilm of M 699.



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Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Thursday, September 13, 2018




Accession area