Fonds F1601 - Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds

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Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds


  • 1873-1964 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

4 m of textual records.
10 microfilm reels.
11 photographs

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) was created in 1873 by the Canadian government, to police the vast North-West Territories, recently acquired from the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC). In 1874, 300 Mounted Police marched west from Manitoba to what is now southern Alberta. The first NWMP fort built was Fort Macleod, named after Assistant Commissioner James F. Macleod. In 1875, Fort Calgary and Fort Walsh were built. This began a network of detachments and patrols which was extended until it covered the territories. The force helped prepare native people for treaty negotiations, was responsible for law enforcement as European settlement increased and policed the Klondike gold rush.

The force was renamed the Royal North-West Mounted Police (RNWMP) in 1904. When Alberta and Saskatchewan became provinces in 1905, the RNWMP served as their provincial police forces. The RNWMP ceased policing the provinces in 1917, and in 1920 merged with the Dominion Police to become the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). The RCMP began policing Saskatchewan again in 1928, and Alberta in 1932. All provinces and territories except Ontario and Quebec are currently policed by the RCMP.

For further information see The Royal Canadian Mounted Police / Nora and William Kelly. - Edmonton : Hurtig, 1973.

Archival history

The orders-in-council were given by the RCMP to JamesWinder in 1966. In 1990 they were sold to Don Klancher, who later transferred them to Glenbow.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Gifts of RCMP (Calgary detachment), Mr. and Mrs. H.K. Coulter, Ada L. Kemmis, William Fleming, and Don Klancher, 1955-1994.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The fonds consists of orders-in-council of the government of Canada relating to the RCMP and its prececessors (1873-1955). The fonds also consists of miscellaneous diaries, accounts, wanted lists, and criminal records, etc. for these southern Alberta detachments: Calgary, Foremost, Fort Macleod, Lethbridge, Manyberries, Nanton, and Pincher Creek. Includes a microfilm of Dawson City detachment's register of travellers on the Yukon River (1901-1903).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


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Conditions governing access

No restrictions on access.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

    Script of material

      Language and script notes

      The material is in English.

      Physical characteristics and technical requirements

      Finding aids

      Allied materials area

      Existence and location of originals

      The original Dawson City register is held by Fred Cook, Dawson City.

      Existence and location of copies

      Related units of description

      Other RCMP records are held by the RCMP Centennial Museum and Library and Archives Canada. These microfilm copies are available at Glenbow: Descriptive lists, containing records of engagements, postings, promotions and discharges of NWMP (1873-1900); and records of the Yukon detachment (1898-1951). Many NWMP/RCMP diaries are found in personal fonds at Glenbow.

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      Title based on contents of records.





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      Level of detail

      Dates of creation revision deletion

      Thursday, October 25, 2018




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