CA ACU GBA F1273
- 1879-1965 (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
25 cm of textual records. -- 111 photographs
Name of creator
John Joseph (J.J.) McHugh, 1855-1928, came west from Ontario in 1878 as a farm instructor for the Indian Department. In 1883 he and his brother, Thomas P. McHugh, established the JJ Ranch on the south side of the Bow River just outside the Blackfoot (Siksika) reserve in southern Alberta. In 1885 they were joined by another brother, Felix Alexander McHugh, 1851-1912. The McHughs brought the first purebred Clydesdale horses and shorthorn cattle to Alberta in 1884. In 1893 Tom withdrew from the partnership and established a ranch at Queenstown, and the JJ was renamed the H2 Ranch. John O'Dougherty (H2 Jack) McHugh, 1895-1967, was the son of F.A. McHugh. He worked on the H2 Ranch for many years and also in the contracting business. Frank Bowes McHugh, 1885-1957, was the son of J.J. McHugh. He worked on the H2 Ranch until 1905, then operated a teamster and construction business in Calgary until taking up his own ranch in 1915 near Dunbow. For further information see Dallas Banister Wright's article "Where the Highwood Meets the Bow" in Canadian Cattlemen, vol.18, no.1 (January 1955), p. 8, 27.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Gifts of John O. McHugh, Mrs. Frank McHugh, Mrs. F.M. Piercy and Mrs. Pat Phillips, 1960-1979.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
The fonds consists of business and personal correspondence of various family members (1879-1952); contracts and legal agreements; reminiscences and will of H2 Jack; transcript of horse stealing trial (1903); and photographs of the McHugh family, the H2 Ranch, and ranching activities. Includes a diary (1880-1881) kept by Lily Bowes (later Mrs. J.J. McHugh) while attending school in a Quebec convent.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
No restrictions on access.
Conditions governing reproduction
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
The material is in English.
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
No finding aid, but some of the photos and Lily Bowes' diary have been digitized. https://glenbow.ucalgary.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/m-746-6.pdf
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Portions of H2 Jack's memoirs were published in Canadian Cattlemen, vol. 28, no.10 (October 1965), p. 40-43; no. 11 (November 1965), p. 22-25; no.12 (December 1965), p. 9, 12, 17-19; vol. 29, no. 2 (February 1966), p. 34-36; and no. 4 (April 1966), p. 18-19-39-40.
Related units of description
Title based on contents of records.
All the M's should be amalgamated.
Link added to Archives Photographs on November 1, 2017.
Place access points
Genre access points
Description control area
Rules and/or conventions used
Level of detail
Dates of creation revision deletion
Wednesday, November 01, 2017