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Fonds F0413 - Duncan and Archie Campbell fonds

Identity area

Reference code



Duncan and Archie Campbell fonds


  • 1885-1978, predominant 1893-1919 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

6 cm of textual records. -- 70 photographs. -- 1 poster

Context area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Duncan John D'Urban Campbell, 1855-1920, was born in St. Hilaire, Quebec and came west in the 1880s, finally settling in Fort Macleod, Alberta. In 1894 he married Eleanor McKubin Wood and had four children. Eleanor was the sister of Assistant Commissioner Zachary Taylor Wood of the Royal North-West Mounted Police (RNWMP). At various times Duncan was sheriff of the southern Alberta district, postmaster, insurance and real estate agent, auctioneer, commissioner for oaths and soldier. The Campbell's eldest son, Duncan John Macleod, 1894-1916, was promoted to Lieutenant during the First World War, but was killed in action in France. Another son, Archibald Bruce Duchesnay, 1899-1983, was born in Fort Macleod, educated at local schools and worked as a banker in Alberta and Manitoba. He served in the Royal Flying Corps in First World War and was a prisoner of war (POW) in Germany. After the war he worked for the Bank of Montreal and the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR). He married Miriam Harrop in 1930 and they had two sons. He retired to Vancouver, British Columbia in 1964.


Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Gifts of Archie Campbell, W.P. Fleming, Albert G. Swinarton, and Bruce Campbell, 1967-2002.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The fonds consists of Duncan's certificate, letterbooks and railway passes (1887-1906), Duncan's autograph collection, Archie's First World War correspondence and miscellaneous papers, a history of the Campbell family, biography of Z.T. Wood, press release regarding S.T. Wood's retirement, and a history of the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway. Includes photographs of Fort Macleod, North-West Mounted Police (NWMP), military personalities and activities, First Nations people (likely Blood), the Supreme Court of the North-West Territories (1896), and the airplane used for the first airmail flight to cross the Canadian Rockies (1919).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

No restrictions on access.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

The material is in English.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

No finding aid, but some of the photos and some of Archie's POW records have been digitized.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

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Notes area


Title based on contents of records.


D.J. Campbell letterbook described here is included in the Albert G. Swinarton inventory.


4404n are copy negatives.


Link added to Archives Photographs on February 8, 2018.

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Dates of creation revision deletion

Thursday, October 25, 2018




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