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Fonds F1174 - Canada Department of National Defence. Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) fonds

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Reference code



Canada Department of National Defence. Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) fonds


  • 1885-1963, predominant 1900-1963 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

2 microfilm reels. -- 84 photographs. -- 7 cm of textual records. -- 1 poster

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The Department of National Defence was created in 1923 by the National Defence Act which established one civil department in place of the previous Department of Militia and Defence, the Department of the Naval Service and the Air Board. The Canadian Forces Reorganization Act in 1968 unified the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force into a single service called the Canadian Armed Forces. The Department is responsible for the control and management of the Canadian Armed Forces, and all matters related to national defence establishments and the defence of Canada. In 1900 the Strathcona's Horse regiment was raised at the personal expense of Lord Strathcona (Donald A. Smith) as a cavalry unit of western Canadians to fight in the South African War. Lt. Col. Samuel B. Steele of the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) was appointed commanding officer, and many of the officers and other ranks were recruited from the NWMP. On return to Canada in 1901 the regiment was demobilized, but it was reactivated in 1909 as a permanent Canadian Army unit known as Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians). In 1911 it was given the prefix "Lord". During First World War it served in France and Belgium as infantry with the 1st Canadian Division in 1915, and then mounted in the Canadian Cavalry brigade. LdSH(RC) served as an armoured regiment in the Canadian Armoured Corps in Algiers, Italy and Holland during the Second World War. It has served with distinction in Korea and numerous other UN commitments.

Name of creator


Administrative history

The Department of National Defence is the Canadian government department responsible for defending Canada's interests and values at home and abroad. The Department is headed by the Deputy Minister of National Defence and is established by a statute, the National Defence Act, which sets out the Minister’s responsibilities.


Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Gifts of LdSH(RC) Regimental Museum, Richard Cunniffe, and Wyn Van der Schee, 1964-1986.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The fonds consists of Col. S.B. Steele's correspondence, reports and corps diary re Strathcona's Horse (1900-1901 [microfilm]); military orders (1900-1901 [microfilm]); civil defence exercise records (1953); memoirs of members Arthur Turner and E. Stanley Ellison; history of the regiment's organization and South African War service by member Andrew Miller (1912 [photocopy]); and photographs and postcards of the regiment including en route and in South Africa (1900-1901), at Sarcee Army Camp and England (1914, 1916), at Currie Barracks and Sarcee Army Camp (1936, 1940) and Wainwright (1958). Includes official nominal roll (1900); and nominal roll, regimental history, and biography of Lt. Col. Robert Belcher compiled by member Richard Cunniffe. Also includes programs, and service roll of the School of Cavalry, Winnipeg (1893-1914 [photocopy]).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


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Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

No restrictions on access.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

The material is in English.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

No finding aid, but many of the photos have been digitized.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Other LdSH(RC) records are held by the Museum of the Regiments, Calgary. Microfilm and photocopies of some of these are available at Glenbow.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title based on provenance of records.


NA 5065, NA 5102, and NA 2268 are copy negatives.


Link added to Archives Photographs on September 13, 2017.


Microfilm-Lord Strath-Steele


Microfilm-Lord Strath

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Dates of creation revision deletion

Tuesday, October 23, 2018




Accession area