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Fonds F0496 - Canada. Department of National Defence. Castle Mountain Internment Camp fonds

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Canada. Department of National Defence. Castle Mountain Internment Camp fonds


  • 1915-1917 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

1 cm of textual records

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The Department of National Defence was created in 1923 by the National Defence Act which established one civil department in place of the previous Department of Militia and Defence, the Department of the Naval Service and the Air Board. The Canadian Forces Reorganization Act in 1968 unified the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force into a single service called the Canadian Armed Forces. The Department is responsible for the control and management of the Canadian Armed Forces, and all matters related to national defence establishments and the defence of Canada. During the First World War twenty-four internment camps were set up across Canada by the Department of National Defence to hold prisoners of war and persons considered "aliens of enemy nationality". The Castle Mountain Internment Camp was situated on the road between Banff and Castle, Alberta and operated between July 1915 and July 1917. The Canadian Army provided supplies and military guards, and the Parks Department the housing and tools. Prisoners were housed in tents in the summers, and formed work parties to clear trees. During the winters they lived in wooden buildings near the Cave and Basin site in Banff, and cleared ground, built a bridge and a road. Some prisoners also worked in Canmore mines and for the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR).

Name of creator


Administrative history

The Department of National Defence is the Canadian government department responsible for defending Canada's interests and values at home and abroad. The Department is headed by the Deputy Minister of National Defence and is established by a statute, the National Defence Act, which sets out the Minister’s responsibilities.


Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Purchased, 1968.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The fonds consists of official diary of Castle Mountain Internment Camp.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

The original is restricted due to fragile condition. Digital and photocopies are available for research purposes.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

The material is in English.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

The journal was published as In the Shadow of the Rockies : Diary of the Castle Mountain Internment Camp, 1915-1917 / Bohdan S. Kordan and Peter Melnycky, eds. - Edmonton : Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, The University of Alberta, 1991.

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Title based on contents of records.


The microfilm, done in 1994, has no accession number.


Microfilm-Castle Mountain

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Dates of creation revision deletion

Tuesday, October 23, 2018




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