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Fonds F0359 - Canada. Department of National Defence. Calgary Highlanders fonds

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Canada. Department of National Defence. Calgary Highlanders fonds


  • 1892-1982, predominant 1940-1945 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

1.5 m of textual records. -- 1176 photographs

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The Department of National Defence was created in 1923 by the National Defence Act which established one civil department in place of the previous Department of Militia and Defence, the Department of the Naval Service and the Air Board. The Canadian Forces Reorganization Act in 1968 unified the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force into a single service called the Canadian Armed Forces. The Department is responsible for the control and management of the Canadian Armed Forces, and all matters related to national defence establishments and the defence of Canada. The militia regiment, the Calgary Highlanders, of Calgary, Alberta, originated on April 1, 1910 when the 103rd Regiment "Calgary Rifles" was authorized. It was redesignated the Calgary Regiment in 1920, and in 1921 the 1st Battalion was redesignated 1st Battalion, Calgary Highlanders, the Calgary Regiment. The regiment was reorganized in May 1924 as two separate regiments designated the Calgary Regiment, which would later become the King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC), and the Calgary Highlanders. The Calgary Highlanders contributed to the 10th Battalion, CEF, in September 1914. The Battalion served in France and Belgium with the 2nd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division. The regiment mobilized in September 1939, and embarked for the UK in August 1940. A detachment participated in the Dieppe raid in August 1942, and in July 1944 the unit landed in Normandy as part of the 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division. The active unit was disbanded December 1945, and the 2nd Battalion served in the reserve army. In 1982 the Queen became the regiment's colonel-in-chief. For further information see Battalion of Heroes : The Calgary Highlanders in World War II / David Jay Bercuson. - Calgary : Calgary Highlanders Regimental Funds Foundation, 1994.

Name of creator


Administrative history

The Department of National Defence is the Canadian government department responsible for defending Canada's interests and values at home and abroad. The Department is headed by the Deputy Minister of National Defence and is established by a statute, the National Defence Act, which sets out the Minister’s responsibilities.

Name of creator

Biographical history

Name of creator

Biographical history


Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Gifts of Calgary Highlanders, Don Maxwell, and Mrs. Gerry Waters, 1969-1993.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The fonds consists of military orders (1940-1958), personnel lists (1940-1954), correspondence and memos (1931-1958), officers' records (1908-1920 [photocopy], 1932-1956), financial records (1940-1956), scrapbooks, pipe music, military journals and pamphlets, and miscellany. Includes photographs of personnel and activities (1914-1977), regimental diaries (1945, 1952), and personal correspondence of Lt. Col. J.F. Scott (O.C.) (1940-1941). Includes nominal rolls of CEF battalions and support units (1914-1916), and official casualty list (1915).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

No restrictions on access.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

The material is in English.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Location of original officer's records (1908-1920) unknown.

Existence and location of copies

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Related descriptions

Notes area


Title based on contents of records.


NA 2362, NA 2363 are copy negatives.

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Dates of creation revision deletion

Tuesday, October 23, 2018




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